Mediterranean diet adherence among Catalonian adolescents: socio-economic and lifestyle factors

Jordi Fauquet, Francesco Sofi, Gemma López-Guimerà, David Leiva, Andrew Shalà, Joaquim Puntí, David Sánchez-Carracedo, Alessandro Casini


Aim: This study aims to describe the adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD), using the KIDMED questionnaire, in a sample of Catalonian adolescents and to assess the association between the MD adherence and socio-economic and lifestyle behaviours.

Material and methods: Data are part of a multi-centre longitudinal study designed for the reduction of risk factors of eating and weight-related problems in adolescents. Here, a cross-sectional analysis was performed with the baseline data, academic period 2010-11. The participants were 1,502 adolescents recruited from 11 schools from the province of Barcelona.

Results and conclusions: The results showed a higher level of MD adherence when parents had higher educational level, and when adolescents reported a low level of screen-time, and high weekly physical activity.

Palabras clave

Mediterranean diet adherence. Adolescents. Screen time. Physical activity. Socio-economic and lifestyle factors. Ordinal logistic regression.

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