Actividad física, condición física y calidad de la dieta en escolares de 8 a 12 años

Andres Rosa Guillamon, Eliseo Garcia Canto, Pedro Luis Rodríguez García, Juan José Pérez Soto, María Loreto Tárraga Marcos, Pedro Juan Tárraga López

Resumen


Background: The assessment of physical activity, physical fitness, and dietary quality in early ages is a physiological and public health need to contribute to the consolidation of a healthy lifestyle during adulthood. 

Hypotheses and objectives: Schoolchildren with a better level of physical activity have a better physical condition; schoolchildren with a higher level of physical activity have a better quality of diet; schoolchildren with a better level of physical condition have a better quality of the diet. The objective was to analyze the relationship between physical activity, physical condition and diet quality.

Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study with 298 schoolchildren aged 8-12 years. Fitness was assessed using the ALPHA-Fitness battery and physical activity and diet quality was assessed by means of questionnaires.

Results: Schoolchildren with a better level of physical activity had a better level of physical fitness. The schoolchildren with a better level of physical condition showed a higher level of physical activity. Schoolchildren with a high level of physical activity and an average level of physical fitness, as well as schoolchildren with a high level of physical fitness (regardless of their level of physical activity), presented a better quality of the diet.

Conclusion: The relationship between physical activity and physical condition is positive and bidirectional. Physical activity, fitness, and quality of diet are positively related.


Palabras clave


ejercicio físico, fitness, alimentación, escolares

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20960/nh.813

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