Características antropométricas y condición física funcional de adultos mayores chilenos insertos en la comunidad

Francisco A. Guede Rojas, Luis Javier Chirosa, Sergio Fuentealba, César A. Vergara, David L. Ulloa, Sergio E. Salazar, Héctor A. Márquez, Paola A. Barboza


Introduction: Anthropometry and functional fitness (FF) are fundamental aspects for functional independence conservation of older adults (OA). However, little has been investigated in chilean OA.

Objective: To analyze anthropometric and FF characteristics of non-disabled OA.

Methods: One hundred and sixteen subjects participated in the study. It was determined the prevalence of weight categories (Body Mass Index [BMI]) and cardiometabolic risk (CMR) (Waist Circumference [WC], Waist-Hip Ratio [WHR] and Waist-to-Height ratio [WHtR]). Additionally, “under the norm” physical performance and performance standards (Senior Fitness Test Battery [SFT]). Anthropometric and FF differences were analyzed according sex and age categories.

Results: A total of 63.8% and 73.5% of men and women respectively were overweight. The highest prevalence of CMR was obtained through WHtR and the tests with the highest prevalence of low performance were 2-minute step Test and Back scratch Test. The performance standard was reached in 29.7% and 17.3%, in men and women respectively. Men presented greater height, WHR, strength and aerobic capacity. Women had greater hip circumference, BMI, WHtR and flexibility. These results tends to be maintained in the analyzes according age categories.

Conclusions: The studied sample presented a high prevalence of overweight, CMR and low physical performance especially in women. Due its low cost and complexity, it is proposed that integral evaluation of anthropometric and FF parameters should be implemented in primary care programs aimed to preserving functionality of OA.

Palabras clave

Ancianos; Evaluación geriátrica; Antropometría; Condición física.

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