Coaching nutricional para la pérdida de peso

Jaume Giménez Sánchez, Yolanda Fleta Sánchez, Alba Meya Molina

Resumen


Introducción: debido a la alta prevalencia de sobrepeso y obesidad se hacen necesarias nuevas estrategias para su prevención y tratamiento. El coaching nutricional (CN) ha emergido en los últimos años y ha demostrado ser efectivo para la pérdida de peso aunque, al ser un concepto innovador, no siempre se utiliza apropiadamente.

Objetivo: verificar si el CN, junto con el asesoramiento técnico, es una estrategia efectiva para la disminución de peso en población con sobrepeso u obesidad en comparación con el asesoramiento nutricional por sí solo.

Material y métodos: se revisó la bibliografía referente a CN para determinar los parámetros de calidad en cuanto a esta intervención. Se realizó una búsqueda de estudios controlados aleatorizados que aplicaran CN según los parámetros seleccionados y lo compararan con asesoramiento técnico nutricional.

Resultados: se analizaron ocho estudios con alta calidad en la intervención de coaching y calidad metodológica media o alta. Seis de ellos indicaron diferencias significativas a favor del grupo que recibió CN.

Conclusión: el CN es una estrategia efectiva para bajar de peso. Se necesitan más investigaciones con una definición clara de la metodología utilizada para aportar solidez a este nuevo enfoque.


Palabras clave


Coaching nutricional; Pérdida de peso; Motivación; Conducta alimentaria; Sobrepeso

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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20960/nh.20

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